Bipolar Affective Disorder

What is bipolar disorder?

Bipolar disorder was formerly known as manic depression. As the name suggests, in this disease the mood is sometimes overly happy and it becomes extremely fast, and sometimes it is extremely sad. Different conditions are found in this disease at different times.


Feeling very sad and frustrated.

Extremely fast (Mania)

Feeling overwhelmed with joy and excitement.

Mixed mode (Mixed)

For example, working too hard with a depressed mood.

Usually, patients with this disease have both depression and mania, but some patients only have recurrent mania.

How Common Is Bipolar Disorder?

Bipolar disorder can affect about 1% of people at some point in their lives. The disease can start at any age after puberty, but rarely after the age of forty. The rate is the same in both men and women.

Causes of bipolar disorder.

We do not know for sure but:

  • Research has shown that it is a family disease. It has more to do with heritage and less with the environment.
  • It seems that the system in the brain that keeps our mood right. In bipolar disorder this system malfunctions. That is why the symptoms of this disease are cured by medication.
  • The disease sometimes starts even after difficult situations, stress, or physical illness.

How Does This Disease Feel?

Every human being feels sad at times, but when this sadness escalates into depression, it becomes difficult for a person to carry out his daily activities. People who suffer from depression usually have the following symptoms:

Being Sad or Unhappy All the Time.

Things that used to be fun, were heartbreaking, now don’t be interested in them. Don’t be happy with anything.

  • Feeling tired all the time, feeling weak.
  • Not being able to pay attention to things and things.
  • Losing self-confidence, feeling useless and useless
  • Feeling we have ‘Run out of gas’ emotionally.
  • Suicidal thoughts or attempts to commit suicide.
  • Difficulty falling asleep or opening your eyes early.
  • Loss of appetite and weight (some people have increased appetite and weight gain)


Sometimes we all feel so much happier and full of energy, energy, and new ideas and plans. It is not usually a disease, but if it exceeds a certain limit and becomes permanent, it can be a mania. If someone has mania, they usually have the following symptoms:

  • Being overly happy and excited for no reason.
  • Sometimes getting too irritable.
  • Begin to think of yourself as a great person.
  • Feeling overwhelmed and energized. ۔
  • Too fast, too fast.
  • Too fast, too loud, and too loud. If you are in a very fast mood, others will not understand what you are saying.
  • Sleep deprivation and no need for more sleep or fatigue despite not getting enough sleep.
  • Starting a lot of work but leaving them unfinished and moving on to other tasks.
  • Making big plans that have no chance of being fulfilled.

If someone is having a mania for the first time, they don’t even realize that there is a problem with it or that their behavior is not normal. When friends or family realize that the patient’s attitude has changed and something is not right. The patient feels that he has never felt better in his life. So he feels bad when someone tells him that his mental state is not right.

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